About HPV and Genital Warts



About HPV and Genital Warts

What is the human papillomavirus (HPV)?

A:HPV is a common virus transmitted through sexual activity, with four out of five people infected with HPV at some point in their lifetime

HPV types 16 and 18 are known to cause up to 70% of cervical cancer and a significant proportion of cervical abnormalities whilst HPV type 6 and 11 account for over 90% of genital warts and approximately 10% of low grade cervical abnormalities or cervical cancer.


What are genital warts?

A:Genital warts are small lumps that may grow on the genitals. They can range in size from almost invisible to several centimeters wide. Genital warts can be shaped like a tiny cauliflower, like a pimple and may occur in clusters.


How common are genital warts in Australia

A:Genital warts are common in Australia. Approximately 4% of Australian men and women have been diagnosed with genital warts.


Who is most at risk of contracting genital warts?

A:Anyone who is sexually active may come into contact with HPV. HPV types 6 and 11 account for over 90% of genital warts.


How do people get genital warts?

A:Genital warts are caused by HPV, a common virus transmitted through sexual activity. The HPV types which are responsible for the majority of genital warts ate HPV types 6 and 11. Condoms do not completely prevent HPV transmission as the virus can be transmitted through genital skin-to-skin contact.


What is the best way to prevent genital warts?

A:The risk of genital warts can be reduced (but not eliminated) by using condoms and engaging in safer sex options. Vaccination against genital warts is now available

People should speak with their doctor to find out more about the prevention and treatment of genital warts.


How are genital warts treated?

A:There are several treatment options for genital warts; some are self-applied whilst other treatments requite application by a doctor. Recurrence of genital warts after treatment is quite common.

People should speak with their doctor to find out more about the treatment of genital warts.


Can you prevent further outbreaks of genital warts?

A:People should speak with their doctor to find out more about the prevention and treatment of genital warts.


What should someone do if they think they have genital warts?

A:It's important for people who think they may have genital warts to see their doctor. Genital warts are a common condition that can be treated.


If genital warts and cervical cancer are both caused by HPV, does that mean genital warts can also cause cancer?

A:No, the types of HPV that lead to genital warts are not the same as those that cause cervical cancer.

HPV types 6 and 11 are known to cause over 90% of genital warts whilst HPV types 16 and 18 can cause up to 70% of cervical cancers and abnormalities.





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